Neurology is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the nervous system. To be specific, Neurology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of conditions and disease involving the central and peripheral nervous system; or equivalently, the autonomic nervous systems and the somatic nervous systems, including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effector tissue, such as muscle. Neurological conditions usually present painful symptoms and patients come to physicians seeking relief.
What are the treatments for chronic and acute pain?
Neurological pain symptoms result from a variety of causes, and most treatment is aimed at relieving the symptoms while working to identify the cause. There are many different treatments ranging from over the counter and prescription drugs to surgical options, medical devices, and injections. No single treatment is proven to provide complete pain relief for every type of patient. Many times pain management will require several types of treatments used together and depends on the individual’s reaction.
What can I do?
Patients can help to manage pain using a few simple techniques in addition to the doctor’s recommendations including:
- Keep moving and stay active
- Try massage therapy
- Employ Relaxation techniques
Pain can be frustrating but with the help of the doctor, it can be managed until the underlying cause is determined and treated. Depending on the cause the treatment can vary from simple rest and support to more complex surgical procedures or rehabilitation.
Will I need surgery?
This will depend on what has caused the pain. If a patient has experienced a sudden injury or accident, surgery may be needed right away. However, if a patient has chronic or persistent pain, he or she may need an operation or another procedure. Other procedures used include nerve blocks, where anesthetics or other forms of prescription medication are used to halt pain signals or a spinal injection such as cortisone or an anesthetic medicine. Patients should talk to the doctor about the expected results and any side effects which may occur. This will help him or her to weigh the risks and the benefits of more invasive treatment. Patients living with neurologically based pain can call the office to schedule a consultation with the doctor to diagnose the cause of the pain and start an effective treatment plan.